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Expenses: The costs associated with running a business, including wages, rent, supplies, and utilities.

Expenses refer to the costs associated with running a business. They include all the expenditures incurred by a business to generate revenue, such as wages, rent, supplies, utilities, and other operating costs.

Expenses are a normal and necessary part of doing business, and are recorded on a company's income statement as they are incurred. Expenses are deducted from a company's revenue to calculate its net income or profit. In accounting terms, expenses are categorized as either operating expenses or non-operating expenses.

Operating expenses are the costs associated with running a company's day-to-day operations, such as rent, wages, supplies, and utilities. These expenses are directly tied to the production and sale of goods or services and are considered necessary for generating revenue. Operating expenses are typically deducted from a company's revenue to calculate its gross profit.

Non-operating expenses, on the other hand, are expenses that are not directly related to a company's core business operations, such as interest expenses or losses from the sale of assets. These expenses are not considered essential to generating revenue and are often excluded from calculations of a company's operating income or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA).

Managing expenses is an important part of running a successful business. By carefully tracking and controlling expenses, companies can increase profitability and allocate resources more effectively. This may involve implementing cost-cutting measures, negotiating better prices with suppliers, or investing in more efficient equipment or technology to reduce operating costs.

Overall, expenses are a fundamental component of a company's financial performance and are critical for calculating its net income and profitability. By carefully managing expenses and optimizing operations, businesses can improve their financial performance and increase their chances of long-term success.