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Reconciliation: The process of ensuring that two sets of financial records are in agreement.

Reconciliation is the process of ensuring that two sets of financial records are in agreement with each other. This process is typically used to compare the balances of two accounts, such as a company's bank account and its own accounting records, and to identify and resolve any discrepancies or errors.

The reconciliation process typically involves the following steps:

  1. Comparing the balances: The first step in the reconciliation process is to compare the balances of the two accounts being reconciled. For example, a company might compare the balance shown on its bank statement with the balance shown in its accounting records.
  2. Identifying discrepancies: If there is a difference between the two balances, the next step is to identify the source of the discrepancy. This might involve reviewing transaction records, bank statements, or other financial documents to identify errors or omissions.
  3. Resolving discrepancies: Once the source of the discrepancy has been identified, the next step is to take action to correct it. This might involve updating the company's accounting records, correcting errors in the bank statement, or contacting the bank to resolve issues.
  4. Documenting the reconciliation: The final step in the reconciliation process is to document the steps taken to reconcile the accounts, including any adjustments or corrections made to the financial records.

Reconciliation is an important process for ensuring the accuracy and integrity of a company's financial records. By carefully reconciling accounts on a regular basis, companies can identify and correct errors or discrepancies before they have a significant impact on their financial health or operations. Overall, reconciliation is an essential tool for maintaining the financial health and stability of a company.