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Safety Stock: The additional inventory held to mitigate the risk of stockouts due to unexpected demand or delays in replenishment.
Safety stock refers to the additional inventory held by a business to mitigate the risk of stockouts due to unexpected demand or delays in replenishment. It is a key component of effective inventory management, as it helps businesses ensure that they always have enough inventory on hand to meet customer demand and avoid stockouts.
The purpose of safety stock is to provide a buffer against uncertainty in demand or lead time. By holding extra inventory, businesses can reduce the risk of stockouts and associated costs, such as lost sales, expedited shipping costs, and reduced customer satisfaction.
The amount of safety stock required depends on several factors, including the level of demand variability, the lead time to receive inventory, and the desired service level. The service level is the probability that the business will not experience a stockout during a given period of time.
The primary advantages of using safety stock in inventory management include:
There are some limitations to using safety stock in inventory management, including:
Overall, safety stock is an effective tool for businesses to optimize inventory management and reduce the risk of stockouts. By carefully analyzing demand patterns, lead times, and service levels, businesses can determine the optimal safety stock level that balances these factors and achieves the most efficient inventory management possible.